CÔTE D’IVOIRE (IVORY COAST) 

Date of establishment: August 7, 1960

Brief history:

  • Colonization: Côte d’Ivoire was colonized by European powers, primarily France, in the 19th century. The French Empire gained control of this territory during the “Scramble for Africa” period.
  • Colonies: It was formally annexed to France as a colony and part of the French Empire. During this time, the country was influenced by the colonial administration and economic interests of France, especially in the fields of palm oil and coffee production.
  • Independence: Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast in English) gained independence from France on August 7, 1960.
  • Political Instability: After independence, the country was plagued by political instability, coups d’état and conflicts between different ethnic groups. This had an impact on the country’s political and economic development.
  • Laurent Gbagbo: Laurent Gbagbo was the president from 2000 to 2010, but his presidency was marked by political tension and conflict, including civil war.
  • Alassane Ouattara: After the controversial presidential election in 2010, Alassane Ouattara was recognized by the international community as the winner and assumed the office of president. His presidency was a significant effort to restore stability and economic growth in the country.
  • Current Times: Today, Côte d’Ivoire is a relatively stable country with a growing economy and renewed trust between ethnic groups. The government is working on infrastructure development and poverty reduction.

 

International abbreviation: CI

 

Currency: West African CFA franc, XOF

The CFA franc is the common currency of many countries in West and Central Africa, which use the CFA Central African Franc (XAF) and the CFA West African Franc (XOF). The CFA franc is firmly pegged to the euro and is issued by the Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO).

 

Internet domain: .ci

 

Dialing code: +225

 

Time zone: GMT 0

 

Geography:

Côte d’Ivoire has a coastline of approximately 515 kilometers (320 miles) on the Atlantic in the south of the country. This coast is known for its beaches and opportunities for water activities.

The interior is mostly flat, with some lower mountains in the west. The country also has several rivers, including the Bandama and the Comoé, which are important for agriculture and transportation.

It has several national parks and nature reserves that protect local ecosystems and wildlife. Among them is Taï National Park. Côte d’Ivoire also includes several smaller islands, such as Assinie, which are popular tourist destinations.

 

Highest peak: Mount Nimba 1 752 m (5 748 feet) above sea level.

It is located in the southeastern part of the country, near the border with Guinea and Liberia. The mountain range is known for its beautiful nature, but also as an important place for biological research, as it is home to many endemic species of plants and animals.

 

Climate:

The rainy season lasts from April to October. Temperatures tend to be high and the air humid. The dry season runs from November to March. During this time, there is much less precipitation and air humidity decreases.

Humidity is significant most of the year, especially during the rainy season. The country has warm to hot temperatures all year round. Average temperatures range between 24°C (75°F) and 30°C (86°F), with higher temperatures during the rainy season. Tropical storms and hurricanes may occur in Ivory Coast.

 

Fauna and flora:

The African elephant is the iconic species of the area. Côte d’Ivoire was once home to large herds of elephants, but poaching and habitat loss have reduced populations.

The African lion is another important species of large carnivore that was once widespread. The baboon is a common primate and can be found in a variety of habitat types, including forests and savannah. It has extensive rainforests that are home to many species of plants and animals. Coastal areas include mangroves, which are important for ecosystems.

 

Agriculture:

Agriculture in Côte d’Ivoire involves the cultivation of a variety of crops, including cocoa, coffee, oilseeds (especially palm oil), and bananas. Cocoa is one of the most important crops, and the country is one of the world’s largest cocoa exporters.

Many farmers engage in subsistence farming, where they grow crops for their own consumption. These crops include cassava, sweet potatoes, rice, and others.

Côte d’Ivoire is one of the world’s largest producers of palm oil. Due to its coastline on the Atlantic, fishing is of great importance for domestic consumption and exports.

 

Extraction of raw materials:

Côte d’Ivoire has reserves of precious metals, including gold and diamonds. The country mines ores of various metals such as iron, manganese, and nickel. The mining of these has potential for industrial development. The country is one of the world’s largest producers of palm oil. Forests provide wood for timber products for domestic consumption and export. Côte d’Ivoire has oil and natural gas reserves.

 

Industry:

Manufacturing is an important sector in Ivory Coast. This includes the food, textiles and clothing, chemicals and wood processing industries.

With the development of infrastructure, including transport, housing, and commercial buildings, the construction industry is growing. Machinery and equipment for agriculture, industrial processes and other industries is produced. The country seeks to develop the energy sector, including electricity generation and the development of renewable energy sources.

 

Services and other areas of the economy: transport and tourism

 

Natural and historical attractions: Taï and Comoe national parks, the Sud-Comoé region, Mount Nimba, Grand-Bassam city, the Man Valley, and beaches

Côte d’Ivoire has beautiful beaches on the Atlantic coast such as Assinie and Grand-Bassam.

It has a rich cultural heritage and history. Cities like Grand-Bassam are known for their colonial monuments and architecture. In addition, traditional festivals and cultural events are held there.

Although Côte d’Ivoire is not a typical safari destination, some national parks offer wildlife viewing opportunities, including monkeys, elephants, and birds.

 

Waterparks in Ivory Coast:

 

Form of government: presidential republic

Côte d’Ivoire is a presidential republic, which means that the head of state and government is the president. He/she is elected by the citizens of the country on the basis of universal suffrage. Legislative power is vested in a bicameral parliament consisting of the National Assembly and the Senate. This bicameral structure serves to create and pass laws.

It has an independent judicial system.

 

Capital city: Yamoussoukro

It is located in the central part of the country and has an important political and administrative status. Before that, the capital was Abidjan, which it remains the country’s largest city and economic center. Yamoussoukro was chosen as the capital of Côte d’Ivoire after independence from France in 1960.

 

Area: 322 463 km2 (124 504 square miles)

 

Population: 29 400 000 (2021)

Côte d’Ivoire is home to many ethnic groups. The major ones include the Akan, Krou, Mande, and Gursi.

Christianity and Islam are the main religions. Although French is the official and educational language, there are many other widely spoken languages, including the Akan, Krou, and Mandé language groups. The country faces demographic challenges in education, health, and unemployment.

 

UNESCO World Heritage Sites: 5

 

  1. Mount Nimba Nature Reserve (1981) – A strict nature reserve that protects the rich flora and fauna.
  2. Taï National Park (1982) – A national park with remnants of the original tropical forest, which protects endangered species of mammals.
  3. Comoé National Park (1983) – A national park including savannah and rainforest.
  4. The historic city of Grand Bassam (2012) – The first capital of the Côte d’Ivoire with colonial architecture from the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries.
  5. Mosques in the north of Côte d’Ivoire (2021) – Eight mosques in the Sudanese style, which are characterized by mud construction.

 

National parks: 8

 

  1. Assagny National Park
  2. Banco National Park
  3. Comoé National Park
  4. Îles Ehotilés National Park
  5. Marahoué National Park
  6. Mont Péko National Park
  7. Mont Sângbé National Park
  8. Taï National Park