SEYCHELLES

Date of establishment: June 29, 1976

Brief history:

  • Early History: The Seychelles were originally uninhabited islands known to European navigators from the 16th century.
  • French Colonization: In 1756, the Seychelles were formally occupied by the French and became part of the French Empire.
  • British rule: They were temporarily occupied by the British Empire during the Napoleonic Wars. In 1811 they were formally handed over to Britain.
  • Slavery and plantations: During British rule, the Seychelles were used to grow coconuts and sugar cane. Slaves were brought to the islands to work on these plantations.
  • Independence: The Seychelles gained independence from the United Kingdom on 29 June 1976. James Mancham became the country’s first president.
  • Political Instability: In the years that followed, the Seychelles saw a succession of presidents and political instability.
  • Dominance of France-Albert René: In 1977, France-Albert René took power in a violent coup and became president. His government introduced socialist reforms.
  • Political Developments: A new constitutional framework was adopted in 1991, enabling a pluralist political system. The Seychelles became a democratic state and France-Albert René continued to rule until 2004 when he resigned.
  • Current times: Since 2004, a new government has been democratically elected in the Seychelles several times, the country has seen economic growth and the development of the tourism industry. The Seychelles are known for their beautiful beaches and ecosystems.

 

International abbreviation: SC

 

Currency: Seychellois rupee SCR

Rupees are divided into smaller units called cents. Banknotes and coins are used for all transactions in the country.

Although the Seychellois rupee is the official currency of Seychelles, it is possible to pay in US dollars or Euros in some tourist areas and for some transactions.

 

Internet domain: .sc

 

Dialing code: +248

 

Time zone: GMT +4

 

Geography:

The Seychelles is an archipelago located in the Indian Ocean, east of the African continent. It lies in the western part of the Indian Ocean, about 1 600 km (994 miles) east of the African coast of Tanzania and Kenya. The largest and most important islands of the Seychelles are Mahé, Praslin, and La Digue. The island of Mahé is the largest and most populated.

The islands have a diverse landscape including white sand beaches, tropical forests, and mountains. The Seychelles are surrounded by extensive coral reefs, making this area a popular destination for divers and underwater world lovers.

 

Highest peak: Morne Seychellois 995 m (3 264 feet) above sea level.

It is located on the island of Mahé. Morne Seychellois is part of the national park of the same name, which protects the extensive tropical forests, fauna, and flora of the island of Mahé.

 

Climate:

The Seychelles have two main climatic periods. The hot and humid season lasts from November to March, when high temperatures and higher rainfall prevail. The cooler and drier season lasts from June to September, with temperatures dropping and less rain. Temperatures are pleasantly warm most of the year. Average daily temperatures range from 24°C (75°F) in the cooler season to 30°C (86°F) in the warmer season.

 

Fauna and flora:

The Seychelles are home to Aldabra giant tortoises, which are one of the largest species of tortoises in the world. They live on the island of Aldabra and are considered an endangered species.

The Seychelles fruit bat is an endemic species that is known for its large wingspan. The islands are home to several endemic bird species, including the Seychelles black parrot, the Seychelles magpie-robin, and the Seychelles blue pigeon. The coral reefs around are home to many species of marine animals, fish, stingrays, and more.

Lodoicea seychelles is an endemic palm species known for its enormous fruits that are shaped like female and male genitalia. This palm tree is the symbol of Seychelles. Seychelles is home to several species of endemic orchids, which are considered to be some of the most beautiful flowers in the world. Mangroves grow on coastlines and near saltwater, providing important shelter for many marine species.

 

Agriculture:

Major agricultural crops include cassava, sweet potatoes, taro, rice, vegetables, and tropical fruits such as bananas, papayas, pineapples, coconuts, and citrus.

Some islands grow coffee and spices such as vanilla and cinnamon, which are important export products.

Fishing is an important part of the local economy. Nature conservation and sustainable agriculture are important on the islands. Many farmers are mindful of sustainable practices to minimize negative impact on the environment. The Seychelles are known for the production of extra virgin coconut oil, which is becoming increasingly popular in the cosmetics and food industries.

 

Extraction of raw materials:

The Seychelles are made up of granitic rocks. Granite blocks have been used for the construction of roads, buildings, and other infrastructure.

Coconuts are processed for coconut oil and coconut flakes. In the past, coral products were extracted, but to protect the environment and the entire ecosystem, these activities are regulated and restricted.

 

Industry:

The food industry processes fish, fruits, and vegetables. For example, canned fish, jams, and coconut products are produced, as well as coconut products.

The construction industry focuses on building and maintaining infrastructure, including roads, buildings, and airports.

Furniture is produced for the local market as well as for the tourist sector. Although tourism is not a traditional industry, it is one of the main factors in economic growth as well as hospitality, restaurants, transport, and other tourist services.

 

Services and other areas of the economy: tourism, shipping, air and sea transport, and banking

 

Natural and historical attractions: the city of Victoria, Vallée de Mai and Morne Seychellois parks and reserves, and Aldabra Atoll

Seychelles offers unique natural scenery, including white sandy beaches, coral reefs, tropical rainforests, and unique species of fauna and flora. This archipelago is a paradise for nature lovers. The country has some of the most beautiful beaches in the world, including Anse Lazio on Praslin and Anse Source d’Argent on La Digue.

The coral reefs are a great place for diving and snorkeling. There, visitors can discover the underwater world and various types of marine life.

The Seychelles is committed to sustainable tourism and environmental protection. There are several nature reserves and national parks that allow visitors to explore and respect the natural wealth of the islands. The country offers a wide range of luxury resorts and hotels that provide a high standard of comfort and service. Visitors can discover local culture, traditional music, and dances.

 

Waterparks in Seychelles:

 

Form of government: presidential republic

The president is the head of state and holds executive power. He/she is elected by universal suffrage for a five-year term and may be re-elected only once. The president has significant authority in the leadership of the country and their office has influence on foreign policy, defense and other important issues. Legislative power is held by the National Assembly, which has 35 members elected by universal suffrage for a period of five years. The islands have an independent judicial system that includes a supreme court and lower courts.

 

Capital city: Victoria

Victoria is located on the northeast coast of Mahé Island. It is surrounded by the beautiful nature and coral reefs of the Indian Ocean. The city is named after Britain’s Queen Victoria and has a rich history linked to Seychelles’ colonial past.

 

Area: 459 km2 (177 square miles)

 

Population: 100 500 (2022)

The Seychelles has an ethnically diverse population, including Creoles, African Seychellois, Indian Seychellois, and European Seychellois. Creoles are the largest group and make up the majority of the population. The official language is Seychellois Creole, which is used in everyday life. English and French are also recognized and used in government institutions and education.

The main religions are Roman Catholic Christianity, Anglicanism, and Hinduism. There is also a smaller Muslim community.

 

UNESCO World Heritage Sites: 2

 

  1. Aldabra (1982) – An atoll made up of four large coral islands, home to the giant tortoise.
  2. Vallée de Mai (1983) – A nature reserve on the island of Praslin that protects the original natural palm grove.

 

National parks: 10

 

  1. Morne Seychellois National Park
  2. Praslin National Park
  3. Ramos National Park
  4. Ile Du Sud National Park – Poivre Atoll
  5. Baie Ternay National Park
  6. Curieuse National Park
  7. Ile Coco National Park
  8. Port Launay National Park
  9. Silhouette Island National Park
  10. Ste Anne National Park