DOMINICA

Date of establishment: November 3, 1978

Brief history:

  • 1635: The French establish the first permanent European settlement on Dominica.
  • 1761: A British naval force occupied the island.
  • 1783: Under the terms of the Paris Peace Agreement, Dominica was returned to France.
  • 1783-1785: The British and French alternated in controlling the island several times during the period of the Napoleonic Wars.
  • 1785: The French reoccupy Dominica.
  • 1814: Dominica was definitively ceded to Britain by the Congress of Vienna.
  • 1831: Dominica was joined with Antigua and Barbuda under British Crown administration.
  • 1978: Dominica gained full independence from the United Kingdom on November 3, 1978.

 

International abbreviation: WD

 

Currency: East Caribbean Dollar (XCD)

The East Caribbean dollar is the common currency of several Caribbean countries that are members of the East Caribbean Monetary Union.

It is divided into 100 cents, similar to the US dollar. There are coins and notes in various denominations.

 

Internet domain: .dm

 

Dialing code: +1768

 

Time zone: -4 GMT

 

Geography:

Dominica is an island nation of the Lesser Antilles located in the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean between the islands of Guadeloupe to the north and Martinique to the south.

The island has a mountainous and mountainous surface. It is dominated by mountain ranges with numerous volcanoes.

Dominica is rich in water resources. There are many rivers and streams on the island, some of which are suitable for water sports and hiking.

Dominica is known for its lush tropical forests and rainforests.

 

Highest peak: Morne Diablotins 1 447 m (4 747 feet) above sea level.

It is an active stratovolcano located in the northern part of the island.

The name “Morne Diablotins” is derived from the French word “Diablotin,” which means little devil. This name was probably chosen because of the shape of the top, which resembles the horns or tops of the devil’s horned ears.

 

Climate:

Dominica has warm and tropical weather all year round. Average temperatures range between 25°C (77°F) and 30°C (86°F), with lows at night and highs during the day.

The country has two main rainy seasons. The first rainy season is from June to November, when hurricanes are possible. The second rainy season lasts from December to May. The wettest months are July and August, when there can be significant rain.

It lies in an area of the Caribbean that is prone to hurricanes.

 

Fauna and flora:

The island has several species of snakes and lizards. One of Dominica’s endemic snakes is the Dominica Boa (Boa constrictor imperator), which is the largest snake species on the island.

Dominica has a variety of amphibian species, including the Dominica tree frog (Eleutherodactylus cochranae) and many other species of frogs.

There are many bird species, including the silvery-yellow Amazon (Imperial Amazon), which is considered the national bird of Dominica, and several species of hummingbirds.

Dominica has extensive rainforests that cover much of the island.

The country is famous for its exotic flowers and orchids that bloom in beautiful colors. Various species of palm trees also grow on the island, including a twin species of coconut palm that is popular for its nuts and oil.

 

Agriculture:

Bananas are Dominica’s main agricultural product and make up a significant portion of exports.

Another important sector of agriculture is the production of root vegetables such as sweet potatoes, cassava and taro.

The island is also known for coffee and cocoa production. Quality coffee and cocoa from Dominica are exported to international markets and are popular with quality coffee and chocolate lovers.

The island produces a variety of fruits, including pineapples, citrus fruits, guavas and other tropical fruits. These are often sold in local markets.

 

Mining of raw materials: none

 

Industry:

The food industry is an important sector. It involves the processing of local fruits, vegetables, spices, coffee and cocoa into food products such as chocolate, coffee, jams and sauces.

Dominica has a forested landscape, which has allowed the development of the wood processing industry.

 

Services and other areas of the economy: tourism

 

Natural and historical attractions: cities of Roseau and Portsmouth, and Morne Trois Pitons National Park

Dominica is known for its natural beauty, including rainforests, waterfalls, mountains, rivers and beaches. Some of the most famous natural attractions include Trafalgar Falls, Boiling Lake, Emerald Pool and the caldera in the mountains.

Tourists can also explore Dominica’s cultural heritage, including local cuisine, music and dance. Markets and festivals offer the opportunity to discover traditional culture and crafts.

Dominica is a popular port for cruise ships and cruisers.

 

Form of government: parliamentary republic

Dominica is a parliamentary republic with a multi-level system of government. The president of Dominica is the head of state, has a largely ceremonial role, is elected for a five-year term, and represents the state.

The real executive power in the country rests with the government headed by the prime minister. The prime minister is usually the leader of the political party that wins the largest number of seats in the House of Commons during the general election. This makes them the head of government, in charge of running the country and implementing policy.

The Dominican parliament is bicameral and consists of the lower house (House of Assembly) and the upper house (Senate). Members of the lower house are elected during general elections, while senators are appointed. Parliament plays a key role in the legislative process and oversees the creation of laws and policies in the country.

 

Capital city: Roseau

The city is located on the southwest coast, near the mouth of the Roseau River.

Roseau is a relatively small town with picturesque architecture that reflects the island’s history and culture. It is also Dominica’s main port, where ships and cruisers arrive.

 

Area: 751 km2 (290 square miles)

 

Population: 75 000 (2022)

Dominica’s population is diverse, with the majority of residents being Afro-Caribbean descendants of African slaves, but there are also smaller communities of people of European, Indian and Syrian descent. Known for its friendly and hospitable people, Dominica has a rich culture that includes music, dance, traditional crafts and cuisine.

 

UNESCO World Heritage Sites: 1

 

1. Morne Trois Pitons National Park (1997) – It is one of the most important and well-known protected areas on the island of Dominica in the Caribbean. Its contains the already mentioned                   highest peak of the country.

 

National parks: 3

 

  1. Morne Trois Pitons National Park
  2. Cabrits National Park
  3. Soufriere Sulfur Springs National Park